Universal couplings are widely used in transmission shafts and coupling forks of various trucks. It is used to transfer rotational torque between shafts on different axes. The universal joint cross shaft assembly is also a connecting device. Today, what are the reasons for the failure of the universal joint cross shaft assembly?
Reasons for failure of universal coupling assembly:
- Oblique imprinting
When the total circumferential clearance of the bearing in the universal joint cross shaft assembly is relatively large, the needle roller is prone to skew, so that there will be a certain angle of imprint between the journal and the axis of the cross shaft. If the embossing continues to go deeper, the needle will not be able to rotate and the frictional resistance will increase. Therefore, the total circumferential clearance of the bearing should be controlled within the range of 0.1-0.4mm.
- Fatigue peeling
If the radial gap between the cross shaft and the bearing is gradually enlarged due to wear, the load will be concentrated, and fatigue indentation will occur where the load is relatively large, and fatigue spalling will eventually occur, and it will be large.
- Lack of oil ablation
If the lubrication is not in place or the lubrication is insufficient, or the bearing seal is poor, it will cause the bearing to lose oil, or the sealing material will age and crack. In addition, if there is no lubricating oil, the temperature of the universal joint cross shaft assembly will be too high during use, causing the bearing and journal to seize, damaging the needle rollers and sealing parts, etc., and eventually cause the ring Ablation on the surface.
- Needle roller or gasket failure
If there are pits or pits on the surface of the needle roller, or the needle head is broken, the needle roller will fail. The failure of the gasket is mainly due to the fracture of the gasket or the wear of the gasket. These are all related to the size and structure of bearings and gaskets, so they must be designed reasonably. In addition, the material of the gasket should be selected with high strength and wear resistance to avoid this phenomenon.